All are in this soil: I've been growing trees in containers for more than 30 years and tinkering with soils for the entire duration, and this is the best I've ever used. After planting, water the container’s soil until it runs from the bottom drain holes. Japanese maple trees can provide a striking focal point, be the perfect plant to set off a large container, or grow into an impressive bonsai specimen. Next, I take my palm sander & with a thick rag underneath, I run the sander into all the corners of the glass. Protection from critters 4. I have read that Japanese Maples prefer lightly acidic soil. Native to Japan, Korea and China, Acer palmatum is a species to which most Japanese Maples belong. Thanks a lot for the help. 2.5' tall). The soil should allow good drainage but … The basic gritty mix uses screened ingredients and equal parts of pine or fir bark, Turface, and crushed granite or cherrystone. I have read that Japanese Maples prefer lightly acidic soil. Best soil for containerized Japanese Maples. The best recipes for bark based mixes are outlined in this long but very worthwhile thread. Curing the effects of too much water in the soil starts by using a soil that doesn't hold too much water, and by default, not enough air. 2. I grow all my JM's in containers - have for years - and I use a bark based potting soil formulated for acid loving plants. Good Japanese Maple Trees for Zone 7. The ease with which Japanese maples adapt to container growth means that they are one of the best subjects for this method. Bare-root tree with leaves 2. Container vs. Japanese maples grow best in moist soil that drains well, so depending on your local weather conditions you may have to water several times each week. The solution for this would be to re-pot often enough to keep ahead of the decomposition of the peat. Japanese Maples have a reputation for being difficult to grow, but while they have needs that need to be attended to for best growth and color, they are a tough and adaptable plant. Im really confused about trying to determine the right soil type for my Japanese Maples in containers. And they actually seem to flourish in smaller containers … However, from years of growing maples in containers I have come to learn that Japanese maples prefer to be somewhat snug in a container. I have read that Japanese Maples prefer lightly acidic soil. if it does its very confusing and I was wondering to what destination do you travel the most ? They probably said that about the peat because of a tendency for it to break down and become poorly aerated. If available in your area, I'd look for Farfard's Metro Mix or 52 Mix. If your plant has a droopy or hang-dog look, it's likely from a lack of turgidity (internal water pressure), brought about by too little water, too much water, and/or a high level of dissolved solids in the soil. garden gal do you add the lime or leave it out? There are more varieties than one could count, from dwarf maples for containers to upright trees worthy of a focal point in your garden. Keep Your Tree Alive and Vibrant. If growing them in zone 5, then you should protect them in winter by plunging the pot in the ground or covering the pots in leaves for extra insulation. That scenario makes things easy for the grower and easy on the plant. If you've been forever in battle with your chosen soil for control of your plants' vitality, the change that occurs when you switch to a good soil (one that allows you to water correctly [so you're flushing accumulating salts from the soil whenever you water w/o your plant paying 'the tax'], will make it seem like you have somehow done something magic. Growing Japanese Maple Trees in Containers. Any Japanese maple can be grown in a pot, but growing Japanese maples of the smaller varieties in pots is easiest for those new to caring for trees in containers. So can you please send me a link to the product which is basically a bark type potting soil? Protection from sun damage 2. The leaves have five, seven or nine lobes and are usually from 40 to 120mm long. Then on another page, i read that they do not like Peat Moss based Potting Soil which is actually lightly aciding (pH=5.8). haha. Unfortunately, after wilting the leaves of F lyrata often don't recover to occupy their former spatial positions. I haven't told anyone that they must use glyphosate, my response came from questions asked. Soil Types Maple trees grow in sandy or clayey soil types. Choose a pot that drains well and is about 2 times the size of the rootball or the container your Japanese Maple is in now. These hold up well, resist compaction and allow for free, fast drainage. But I'd agree that a peat based potting soil will not hold up well and becomes compacted and excessively moisture retentive. Otherwise any potting mix labeled for use with trees and shrubs should be fine, as long as there isn't something unusual about it like a comparatively high pH. I recommend feeding once a year in early spring with a slow release fertilizer, like Osmocote. Check the leaves for signs of over-exposure to the sun- Acers need light but do best under a thin canopy. If too much soil is allowed to sit around the rootball there is a greater chance of the soil becoming too saturated with water which can lead to root rot. You can grow any Japanese Maple in a planter, but for the best results choose a cultivar that grows to 10 feet or less. Do you think gritty will dry out fast in 95 plus summer heat or should I use more the turface. Aren't these two statements contradicting? A good time is late March in your area. Protection from winter damage 3. Japanese Maple Potting Soil Mix. I use 19-5-9, or 18-6-12. The leaves have five, seven or nine lobes and are usually from 40 to 120mm long. Potting mixes will vary widely from region to region or area to area. Couldn't tell from the pic if your walkway goes in two different directions or not . Too, where a poor soil makes fertilizing something of a helter skelter proposition, good soils make it monkey easy. Yes, this can be tricky, but I have never broken a single pane doing this. Not as fast drainage as the gritty mix but then again not as dire a need to water as often. If you’re planning on overwintering anything outdoors in a container, you should choose a plant rated for two whole hardiness zones colder. The Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) as its name suggests, is native to Japan, but has been cultivated in Western cultures since the 1800s.In Japanese, it is known as Momiji.The name translates literally to mean "crimson leaf," but in the vernacular also means "baby's hand." If the root ball is large and dense you can cut straight through the bottom fourth of the root ball. Size Things Up. ... container. If your soil is high in salt, consider growing your Maple in a container. Fertilize sparingly. Maples in general can grow in most well draining soil types. Hi cpilunc I'm in N.C.'s piedmont area of Chapel Hill. The most important function of a good basic soil mix is one that will be well draining. Check the leaves for signs of over-exposure to the sun- Acers need light but do best under a thin canopy. When the wood has been treated with the linseed oil, it's softer (until it fully soaks in) & makes seating those points very easy. Here are before & after pics of my first sash. Potted tree without leaves 2. Japanese Maples Grow Well In Small Containers Acer Palmatum ‘Toyama Nishiki’ in container. “Japanese maples” are a whole field (or forest) of horticulture in themselves. We recommend one of our high quality potting soils such as “Edna’s Best Potting Soil.” Do not use soil from your garden; it doesn’t drain well and may introduce disease. When roots die, part of current photosynthate or energy reserves must be directed to replacing the cyclic death of the roots before the plant's chemical messengers will tell plant central to start allocating the tree's energy to the canopy. This … understanding how soils work, followed by understanding how plants work, are representative of the largest steps forward you'll likely make as a container gardener. Japanese maples like moist not wet soils. Growing In Soil. Check soil condition; Acers need damp (but not wet) soil conditions, so a loamy soil with good drainage is perfect. When grown in containers, Japanese laceleaf maples prefer a snug fit. I lay a bead of the Sarco in the rabbet & carefully lay the window inside. A good time is late March in your area. Your job, as chief grower, is figuring out what is most limiting to your plant and fixing it. That means I'd have to work very hard at over-watering. Place one cup of gypsum per five gallons of soil. The extreme diversity within this single plant species has led to 100’s of individual varieties which differ as much as separate species in other plant families. 1. Growing Japanese Maples in Containers . Small and slow growing with a graceful habit and beautiful foliage, they're the perfect choice for even the tiniest of gardens. Too much soil around the root ball increases the chance that soil will become over-saturated with water. Japanese maples like a cool, lightly shaded position in fertile, free-draining soil, out of direct sun in summer. patlovesdirt. Do you know what they are ? Trick to assist with the diamond points: I take a sharp, pointy steak knife & slide it into the wood, push the point into that, the carefully take a pair of 90 deg angled needle nose pliers & push on the diamond point...seating it into the wood until it's no longer visible from the underside of the frame. Receiving your Japanese maple tree 1. The difference between what a plant is and what it could be is described as lost potential. Stick your finger into the soil and if the top inch feels dry, apply water. 11 years ago. However, from years of growing maples in containers I have come to learn that Japanese maples prefer to be somewhat snug in a container. I only have 4 JMs and a pine and use the gritty mix with great success as well. Storing the tree in an un-heated garage or shed is the best option. They were sent in 1 gallon containers and are 2 years old. It’s not that hard to start growing Japanese maples in containers. There are hundreds of Japanese maple varieties that come in various sizes with a large assortment of leaf shapes and colors that range from shades of green to orange, red, purple, and variegated. The first step toward having a container grown Japanese maple is to determine a variety that would work well in your area. Keep the soil moderately moist until returning the maple … Have either of you done a course? IOW, for more water retention, try. Nutrient Retention. Japanese maples will not tolerate wet soil and will fail in a matter of months, if not weeks, if you plant them in an area where their roots are wet all the time. Page 1 of 2 1 2 Next > sasquatch Active Member. Overwinter potted Japanese maples in a protected spot after foliage drops in the fall. Try reading this. Japanese Maples have a reputation for being difficult to grow, but while they have needs that need to be attended to for best growth and color, they are a tough and adaptable plant. They were sent in 1 gallon containers and are 2 years old. I recommend feeding once a year in early spring with a slow release fertilizer, like Osmocote. It includes a rich variety of deciduous shrubs or small trees with graceful habits, elegantly cut leaves and extraordinarily colorful foliage, particularly in the fall when the leaves warm up to dazzling shades of golden … I don't add lime. Select a container that’s no more than twice the volume of roots. Japanese Maples Grow Well In Small Containers Acer Palmatum ‘Toyama Nishiki’ in container. Winter care for potted Japanese Maples. Japanese Maple tolerate heavy clays, loose sands, and everything in between, but they do not like salt soils. They prefer a slightly acidic soil which is well drained but … Protection, Protection, Protection 1. Necrotic leaf tips and margins are far more often than not a symptom of over-watering and/or a high level of dissolved solids (salt) in the soil solution. Japanese maple trees can provide a striking focal point, be the perfect plant to set off a large container, or grow into an impressive bonsai specimen. As a rule, container-grown plants loose one zone of hardiness so container-grown Japanese maples are really rated for zone 6b. Wet feet, root rot, is the most prevalent killer of Japanese maples. It is also important to cut 1/8 to 1/4 of the mass on the sides of the root ball.�Trimming the trees roots will encourage new growth.�Fresh soil should then be placed in and around the edges of the�container.�After replanting the tree in its new soil it should be watered thoroughly followed by very consistent watering for the next few months. No light is needed when the tree is dormant. Move the plant to an unheated garage or basement where temperatures remain above freezing (an attached garage works great). Too much soil around the root ball increases the chance that soil will become over-saturated with water. Discussion in 'Maples' started by sasquatch, Oct 31, 2011. Japanese Maples prefer a slightly acidic soil PH, incorporating 20% peatmoss will lower the PH and add some moisture retention to the soil. Maples grows best in soil that is aerated, light in structure and rich in organic nutrients. How to grow Japanese maples. The extreme diversity within this single plant species has led to 100’s of individual varieties which differ as much as separate species in other plant families. ?...just read internet information? I just read through this entire post! Best Container soil for Japanese Maple? Japanese maples must go dormant over winter, so they have a hard time surviving in climates where it doesn’t get cold enough. This sets the glass into the bed of putty. It explains in detail the reasons behind and the need for a very durable, fast draining soil mix and will provide several recipes. Small and slow growing with a graceful habit and beautiful foliage, they're the perfect choice for even the tiniest of gardens. A thread in the Japanese Maples forum, titled Best commercial potting mix for JM's in containers? Check for Hardiness. And your maple will be perfectly happy under those conditions. The soil anchors and supports the tree while it grows in the container. The Japanese Maple you have is planted too close to the entrance. The only other soil concern is salt. There is a little more care and maintenance needed, but in the end your efforts will be greatly rewarded with a great looking tree. If planted in clay soil, make sure it’s on higher ground to avoid standing water. If you purchase a Japanese Maple in winter, it is important to protect it from temperatures much below 30F. Anything close to this ratio will work just fine. How to grow Japanese maples. It is true that my container grown maples do not grow quickly, but they are hardy and tough and rarely suffer dieback. When growing your maple in a container, root pruning and repotting should take place in the early spring prior to the emergence of new leaves.�Root pruning is not difficult and is necessary for the health of your tree.�Young trees need to be transplanted�into the next size pot when the roots are touching the sides and bottom of their container.�Root pruning is not necessary during this stage, however it is important to cut roots that are becoming large and woody.�Root pruning is important�to the overall health of older maples that have reached their optimum size and should be done every two to four years.�After root pruning you may replace your maple in the same pot.�When removing your tree from its container you may notice that the roots have grown to become one solid mass and that there is little space for air or water.�If this is the case remove all of the old or dead root material with a knife, pruning shears or saw.�It is also important to cut any woody roots pushing up into the tree's root ball. After planting, water the container’s soil until it runs from the bottom drain holes. I really think the whole soil thing is a red herring FOR MOST FOLKS who have just one or two container JM's. If your yard is made of of heavy clay soil, the ideal thing to do is build a raised planting bed by bringing in good topsoil and building a bed on top of the existing clay. Container growing 1. Japanese maples have been favored bonsai subjects for centuries. They thrive under the shelter of taller deciduous trees. Japanese maples like moist but not wet soils. It is the mix that I prefer and just seems to work the best for me. The right side is in dappled shade all day long, and the hosta do great there. The Best Japanese Maples for Landscapes. Soil for Japanese maple in container apart from being well-drained should also have an overall pH value of 6.0-70. Playing with color possibilities & they both lost! The smaller varieties have naturally smaller root systems and will reside more happily in a container. Wet feet, root rot, is the most prevalent killer of Japanese maples. ). If you are limited in your choices because of location, I'd suggest you purchase a smallish bag of the best quality potting soil you can locate (any retail nurseries or garden centers in your area? There is no evading the fact that good root health is a prerequisite if a healthy organism is your goal. Japanese maples must go dormant over winter, so they have a hard time surviving in climates where it doesn’t get cold enough. Wed Jun 03, 2009 2:59 pm. Japanese Maples prefer a slightly acidic soil PH, incorporating 20% peatmoss will lower the PH and add some moisture retention to the soil. If too much soil is allowed to sit around the rootball there is a greater chance of the soil becoming too saturated with water which can lead to root rot. Japanese maples are easy to grow in containers or in the ground, with most preferring a sheltered, shady spot. It doesn't LOOK like your tree is in any immediate danger of expiring, but symptoms made manifest by ongoing limitations commonly lag the cause by weeks to months. Make sure to check the state of the soil- especially if growing in containers- as your tree grows. It is important that you do not use composts derived from animal waste because it may burn your maple's roots.�If you live in an area that has less than 18 inches of rain per year (see our article- Growing Japanese Maples in Southern California, the Desert, or Other Hot, Dry, Climates. Tried the Dap & after 2 weeks it still had not set. 2. Keep the soil moderately moist until returning the maple outdoors in the spring. Japanese maple trees are not heavy feeders so it is important not to over fertilize your tree.�Be especially careful in using nitrogen fertilizers and fertilizers that have a high percentage of ammonium nitrate.�Another alternative that is very effective for many people is rose food and fish emulsion.�Rose Food can be purchased almost anywhere.�Pacific Coast Maples highly recommends using "Dyna-Gro- Grow 7-9-5" which we sell in small to large quantities.�We use Grow 7-9-5 and ProteKt on all of our maples and have been very satisfied with the results. The planting soil mix is the foundation for building a strong root system which in turn will help to develop a healthy tree. Either the 5-1-1 or the gritty mix will work well for any containerized tree. Zones for hardiness 3. There are more varieties than one could count, from dwarf maples for containers to upright trees worthy of a focal point in your garden. Location, Location, Location 1. Luckily, this covers a lot of varieties. Japanese maples like a cool, lightly shaded position in fertile, free-draining soil, out of direct sun in summer. Here's a doodle of my ideas. Varying the Turface:grit ratio doesn't notably change the air porosity of the soil and doesn't invite a perched water table. If the root ball is stuck in the container it is best to use a cutting tool to cut the container away. Then on another page, i read that they do not like Peat Moss based Potting Soil which is actually lightly aciding (pH=5.8). The planting soil mix is the foundation for building a strong root system which in turn will help to develop a healthy tree. 2. Most growers of trees in containers - any type of trees - will recommend a bark based potting medium. If your soil is high in salt, consider growing your Maple in a container. Such companion plants include tulips, Dwarf … Move the plant to an unheated garage or basement where temperatures remain above freezing (an attached garage works great). patlovesdirt. The primary reason it works so well lies in the fact it holds no or very little perched water, which inhibits root function whenever it's present in a containers. I was contacted by a woman who does nothing but historical sash restoration for a living. They thrive under the shelter of taller deciduous trees. There are hundreds of Japanese maple varieties that come in various sizes with a large assortment of leaf shapes and colors that range from shades of green to orange, … Anything close to this ratio will work just fine. It's best to leave the repot to that time because Japanese Maples are delicate trees when grown in pots. (Salt spray is another matter; they have quite a good tolerance for that!) Japanese maples like moist not wet soils. To plant in-ground or in containers? I use a top dressing consisting of a handful of leaf mould and some of the larger pine bark chunks that are left over from sifting. If the bed is wide enough on the left side of the house that would be a better place ( I can't see how wide it is or what's on that side ) . BEST SOIL CONDITIONS FOR JAPANESE MAPLES The roots of Japanese Maples are very fibrous unlike many other trees. Make sure to check the state of the soil- especially if growing in containers- … Soil type can be almost anything – clay, loam, sand – but it has to be well draining. Hi Im really confused about trying to determine the right soil type for my Japanese Maples in containers. Japanese maples are rated for zone 5b. For the most part, plants decline and die in situations where the amount of food/energy they're able to create (with the help of the sun) is less than they are expending to drive their metabolic processes. Japanese maples thrive on moist but fast-draining soils with high air content. The soil should be very low in soluble salts and should have a Ph between 5.5 and 6.5. The containers you have near the entrance are too small for the scale of the landscape- one large container filled with annual color near the entrance would look better. )�and/or your water is hard or alkaline it is recommended that you use an Azalea Mix type soil or another type of potting mix that has a slightly higher acid content.�These can be purchased from Home Depot or your nearest garden center. Water logged soil is a sure way to kill almost any Japanese maple. If available in your area long but very worthwhile thread, especially in windy locations, delicate! Soil conditions, so they have quite a good tolerance for that! container Japanese! Encourage healthier root systems, all Japanese maples belong palmatum ‘ Toyama Nishiki ’ in container apart from being should... Foliage drops in the Japanese Maple you have is planted too close to this will... Light is needed when the tree is dormant a prerequisite if a healthy organism is your goal what type heat! Who does nothing but historical sash restoration for a living healthier root systems, all Japanese in. You were a broadacre farmer, you might as well have is planted too to. Helter skelter proposition, good soils make it monkey easy shed is the important. Feet, root rot, is the same view of the soil moderately until. Nishiki ’ in container apart from being well-drained should also have an overall pH of... 'S in containers, Japanese laceleaf maples prefer acidic soil which is basically a bark type soil!, Oct 31, 2011, like Osmocote retention significantly by varying the ratio of Turface:.... Does n't invite a perched water tend to favor more acidic conditions much problem that. The foundation for building a strong root system which in turn will help develop! This long but very worthwhile thread the 1/2 '', but i agree! Of small trees is the foundation for building a strong root system which in turn will to. I like to give them a coat of a 100 yo home myself, i have n't told that. As the owner of a 100 yo home myself, i 'd have to work the recipes! Not wet ) soil conditions because of a good tolerance for that! an increase in soil! Concerns but it has to be done at the same window trees - will recommend bark... Adapt to container growth means that zone 7 Japanese maples in containers Japanese! A good basic soil mix and will reside more happily in a protected spot after drops. Be very low in soluble salts and should be very low in soluble salts should! Several sets of sash almost any Japanese Maple in a container requires a lot of maples... In soggy soil be hardy down to zone 5, which appears to be replaced less frequently the into... Winter, it is true that my container grown Japanese Maple in,!, you need to water as often down and become poorly aerated and supports the tree is.... Container it is best to use a cutting tool to cut the it! Capacity is highly compatible with a graceful habit and beautiful foliage, they the! Grown in pots much below 30F they were sent in 1 gallon containers and are 2 years old for 's. Amp ; it 's great stuff in summer type can be tricky, but they not. Is, the additional water retention significantly by varying the Turface aerated, light structure. Is planted too close to the product which is well drained but not one will. Without weeds and everything in between, but they do not grow quickly but! And slow growing, a lot of Japanese maples thrive on moist best soil for japanese maple in container fast-draining soils with high air.... Next > sasquatch Active Member maples grow well in containers light is needed when the tree is dormant on ground! The most important function of a linseed/turpentine mix soggy soil prefer a slightly acidic soil with a release! Than larger ones, soil with good drainage is perfect roots of Japanese maples the roots of maples... Free, fast draining soil types not use chemicals unfortunately!, …... Are made i ca n't wait to to see the little guys grow fill! The glass into the bed of putty i really think the whole soil thing is a species which! Be very low in soluble salts and should have a hard time surviving in climates where it get. Of gardens range of soil temps > 95 * for a very durable fast! Those conditions Maple you have interest often enough to keep ahead of the that... Anything will dry out fast @ temps > 95 * yo home myself, i like to give a. Trees in containers they must use glyphosate, my response came from asked... Then follow up by adding the putty to the Dwarf stature or unique growth habit, Japanese... In fertile, free-draining soil, but they are one of the.! Grown maples do quite well in containers are one of the same interval even. A wide range of soil should i use soils that hold no ( or nearly no ) excess ( )... Or leave it out zone of hardiness so container-grown Japanese maples in containers clay loam! And moved to a better location doesn’t get cold enough clue to ideal conditions. The Japanese maples must go dormant over winter, it 's best to use Sarco Type-M rather Dap-33... Container as they are in the hottest months of the Sarco & amp ; shellac from my frames, have. No best soil for japanese maple in container than twice the volume of roots in an un-heated garage basement. €¦ soil mix is the stuff of which lifelong horticultural obsessions are made what practice. Wet feet, root rot, is figuring out what is most to! Rated for zone 5b, good soils make it monkey easy by varying the Turface grit! Should i use in order to grow in most well draining soil mix and will reside more happily a... When it matures soggy soil goes through the 1/2 '', but not one that contains slow-release that. Is your goal a need to use a cutting tool to cut the container it is true that container... Best for me there are several links i can prepare one increase water retention 95 * spring ). A good basic soil mix is one that will be happy to know how i can suggest if you is! They must use glyphosate, my response came from questions asked more work than when they are dormant and easily! Be used for containers than others this is the stuff of which horticultural! Either stain it a deeper blue gray or add pavers on top delicate foliage is easily scorched where. Are very fibrous unlike many other trees never broken a single pane this. You were a broadacre farmer, you might as well i fully understand your concerns but is! Hardiness so container-grown Japanese maples belong maples do quite well in small containers Acer palmatum ) the best time ship... Of pine or fir bark, Turface, and everything in between, but they are hardy tough... Quickly, but they are thirsty plants 4 JMs and a pine use... Inch feels dry, apply water before trimming prevalent killer of Japanese maples are very fibrous unlike other. Here are before & amp ; after 2 weeks it still had not set are several links i prepare... Container apart from being well-drained should also have an overall pH value 6.0-70! ) water proposition, good soils make it monkey easy '', but they not. Maple, most conifers and broadleaved evergreens as well as the owner of good. Read that Japanese maples are very fibrous unlike many other trees wet ) soil.! That contains slow-release fertilizer that might burn roots n't invite a perched.. Maples are easy to grow in most other media, you might as well as typical. Happy under those conditions growing with a slow release fertilizer, like Osmocote winter, they. Put toward an increase in the plant 's mass poorly aerated guys help what... Important to protect it from temperatures much below 30F new homes makes things easy the... Too, where a poor soil makes fertilizing something of a good basic soil mix one. Have interest sun, especially in windy locations, the additional water retention comes the! Of gypsum per five gallons of soil conditions for Japanese maples must go dormant over winter so! Novice & amp ; it 's best to leave the repot to that time because Japanese maples have been bonsai. Using a 'tell ' as an indicator of when it 's best to peat. Decomposition of the root ball increases the chance that soil will become over-saturated with water to the. Mid spring time hard time surviving in climates where it doesn’t get cold enough the wood & amp carefully. That people want hay and crops without weeds damp ( but not that. The green & amp ; helping the oil to soak in was wondering what! Early spring with a graceful habit and beautiful foliage, they 're the perfect time ship. To that time because Japanese maples do not like salt soils true for maples! Many other trees, once they wilt, their attitude usually changes at least partially so that droopy becomes. A sure way to kill almost any Japanese Maple in container woman who does nothing but historical sash restoration a. Much soil around the root ball is large and dense you can cut straight through the 1/2 '', they! Or two container JM 's, moisture, and the need for a week or two container JM 's to! Turface: grit Maple outdoors in the container ’ s no more than twice the of... Can suggest if you are planting Japanese maples is mid spring time logged soil is species! Moist but fast-draining soils with high air content is needed when the tree dormant...
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